Wednesday, January 24, 2018

#1 2003-04-21 11:30:27 am

Trash Man
Sanitation Department
Registered: 2005-10-20
Posts: 5336

Unix 'Date' Manipulations

The Unix 'date' command can easily resolve many tricky date manipulations that pre-X required jumping thru handler hoops to script.

OS version: OS X

Applescript:

set mm to do shell script "date '+%m'"
--> "04"
set localDate to do shell script "date '+%x'"
-->"04/21/03"
set myTime to do shell script "date '+The hour here is:%n%I%PM %Z.'"
-->"The hour here is:
-->12PM CDT."

--Here is a handy list of date command arguments
(*
%a        abbreviated weekday name
%A        full weekday name
%b        abbreviated month name
%B        full month name
%c        shorthand for %X %x, the locale format for date and time
%d        day of the month as a decimal number (01-31)
%e        same as %d but does not print the leading 0 for days 1 through 9
%F        milliseconds as a decimal number (000-999)
%H        hour based on a 24-hour clock as a decimal number (00-23)
%I        hour based on a 12-hour clock as a decimal number (01-12)
%j        day of the year as a decimal number (001-366)
%m    month as a decimal number (01-12)
%M    minute as a decimal number (00-59)
%p        AM/PM designation for the locale
%S        second as a decimal number (00-59)
%w    weekday as a decimal number (0-6), where Sunday is 0
%x        date using the date representation for the locale
%X        time using the time representation for the locale
%y        year without century (00-99)
%Y        year with century (such as 1990)
%Z        time zone name (such as Pacific Daylight Time)
%z        time zone offset in hours and minutes from GMT (HHMM)
*)


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